Mistral, Frédéric

(1830-1914)
   Provençal writer, Nobel laureate
   A poet and Nobel laureate, Frédéric Mistral was born in Maillane, Bouches-du-Rhône. in his youth he became the friend of joseph roumanille, and together they vowed to revive the occitan language, or langue d'oc. In 1851, Mistral began an epic in 12 sections, Mireille ("Mirèio," published in 1859) that evokes the suppressed sentiments and romantic fatalism of provence. One of seven founders (1854) of the Félibrige, a society dedicated to the revival of occitan and the Provençal culture, Mistral was an active contributor to l'Almanach provençal. in 1866, he began a second rustic epic, Calendal ("Calendau"), an allegorical celebration in which the marvels and picturesque wonders of Provence are described. At the same time, Mistral tried to extend the Félibrige from Provence to Catalonia, forming a Latin union. By 1876, a larger, more organized organization was achieved. His richly phrased lyric collection, Les Îles d'or ("Lis Isclo d'or," 1875) was followed by a lexicon filled with the various modern occitan dialects, the Trésor du félibrige ("Tresor dou felibrige", 1878-86). Enjoying considerable popularity that coincided with the expansion of the Félibrige, related to his friendship with charles maurras and his sympathy for the Right, Mistral felt the temptation of regionalism, but refused to become a polemicist and, after Nerte ("Nerto," 1884), an "Avignonnais poem," inspired by a medieval legend, and after an historical drama, La Reine Jeanne ("La Rèino Jano," 1890), he preferred to present, with Le Poème du Rhône ("Lou Pouèmo dou Rose," 1897), and a collection, Les Oli-vades ("Lis Oulivadou," 1912), an allegorical tableau of a Provence that had to change, but without relinquishing legends and traditions. Mistral was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature in 1904.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mistral, Frédéric — Mis·tral (mĭ strälʹ, mē ), Frédéric. 1830 1914. French writer and leader in the revival of Provençal as a literary language. He shared the 1904 Nobel Prize for literature. * * * born Sept. 8, 1830, Maillane, France died March 25, 1914, Maillane… …   Universalium

  • Mistral, Frédéric — ► (1830 1914) Poeta francés en lengua provenzal. El federalismo europeo tiene en él a uno de sus grandes inspiradores. Su labor fue sobre todo idealista y cultural como demuestra Lou tresor dou Félibrige, vasta recopilación de las lenguas de oc.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Frederic Mistral — Frédéric Mistral Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mistral. Frédéric Mistral Activité(s) Écrivain …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frédéric Mistral — Frédéric Mistral, por Paul Saïn …   Wikipedia Español

  • mistral — [ mistral ] n. m. • 1625; mestral 1519; a. provenç. maestral « magistral », proprt « vent maître » ♦ Vent violent et froid qui souffle du nord ou du nord ouest vers la mer, dans la vallée du Rhône et sur la Méditerranée. Un coup de mistral. Le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Frederic — Frédéric Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Frédéric est un nom propre ou plus rarement commun qui peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Nom commun 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mistral [2] — Mistral, Frédéric, neuprovenzal. Dichter, geb. 8. Sept. 1830 zu Maillane (Dep. Bouches du Rhône), lebt das., suchte die alte Sprache der Provenzalen wieder zu beleben und gründete die Félibre (s.d.), erhielt 1904 mit Echegaray zusammen den… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Frédéric Mistral — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mistral. Frédéric Mistral …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frédéric Mistral — Infobox Writer name = Frédéric Mistral awards = awd|Nobel Prize in Literature|1904 birthdate = birth date|1830|9|8|mf=y birthplace = France deathdate = death date and age|1914|3|25|1830|9|8|mf=y deathplace =France occupation = Poet nationality =… …   Wikipedia

  • Mistral, Gabriela — orig. Lucila Godoy Alcayaga born April 7, 1889, Vicuña, Chile died Jan. 10, 1957, Hempstead, N.Y., U.S. Chilean poet. Mistral combined writing with a career as a cultural minister and diplomat and as a professor in the U.S. Her reputation as a… …   Universalium

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